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International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
     
Original Article
 
Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus among volunteer blood donors in the National Blood Transfusion Center of Lomé
Liza Koboyo Nadjir1, Malewe Kolou2, Gnatoulma Katawa3, Alexander Kwame Kwarteng4, Abdoul Raouf Issa5, Hèzouwè Magnang6, Koffi Mawussi7, Lochina Feteke8, Koffi Yvon Segbena9
1Biologist Medical doctor, Liza Koboyo NADJIR, CNTS of Lomé, Université de Lomé, Lomé, Togo
2Biologist Medical doctor, Malewe KOLOU, CHU Campus, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
3PhD, Gnatoulma Katawa, ESTBA, Université de Lomé, Lomé, Togo
4PhD, Alexander Kwame Kwarteng, Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumassi, Ghana
5PhD, Abdoul Raouf Issa, BIOLIM, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
6Biologist Medical Doctor, Hézouwè MAGNANG, CNTS of Lomé, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
7Biologist Medical Doctor, Koffi MAWUSSI, CNTS of Lomé, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
8Biologist Medical Doctor, Lochina FETEKE, CNTS of Lomé, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo
9Professor, Koffi Yvon SEGBENA, CHU Campus, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

Article ID: 100033IJBTINK2017
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2017-33-OA-6

Address correspondence to:
Liza Koboyo NADJIR
Lomé, Togo
BP: 4090
Lomé-Togo

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How to cite this article
Nadjir LK, Kolou M, Katawa G, Kwarteng AK, Issa AR, Magnang H, Koffi M, Feteke L, Segbena KY. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus among volunteer blood donors in the National Blood Transfusion Center of Lomé. Int J Blood Transfus Immunohematol 2017;7:41–45.


Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at the Centre National de Transfusion (CNTS) of Lomé, Togo.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, which included volunteer blood donors from 2011–2015 at the CNTS of Lomé. The age ranged from 18–60 years old. All donors were screened for HBV, HCV and HIV using ELISA and the seroprevalence of these viruses was calculated using Graph Pad Prism software.
Results: Male donors (86.44%) were significantly more represented than female (13.71%). Regular donors (72.2%) were more than first time donors (28%, p<0.001). The overall seroprevalence during the study period was 2.63%, 1.58% and 0.92% for HBV, HCV and HIV, respectively. The seroprevalence of these viruses in blood donors decreased from 2011–2015. The proportion of HBV among blood-borne viral infection represented, 48.81%, 54.16%, 51.71%, 46.71% and 58.10% in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively.
Conclusion: This study permitted to monitor the dynamics of HBV, HCV and HIV in blood donors for five years in Lomé, and revealed the need to reinforce screening, preventive and sensitization strategies to improve transfusion safety in Togo.

Keywords: Centre National de Transfusion (CNTS), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

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Author Contributions
Nadjir Liza Koboyo – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Kolou Malewe – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Katawa Gnatoulma – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Kwarteng Alexander Kwame – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
ISSA Abdoul Raouf – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Magnang Hèzouwè – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Mawussi Koffi – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Feteke Lochina – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Segbena Koffi Yvon – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Nadjir Liza Koboyo et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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