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International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
     
Original Article
 
Evaluation of body mass index, hematocrit, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and total protein in voluntary and commercial blood donors in Nigeria: Advocating for simultaneous screening for nutritional status
Chukwurah Ejike Felix1, Nwangbo Daniel Ogodo2, Azuobu Angela Ngoz2
1Department of Hematology and Immunology, Faculty of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
2Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Scieces, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Article ID: 100031IJBTICF2017
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2017-31-OA-4


Address correspondence to:
Ejike Felix Chukwura
Department of Haematology& Immunology
Faculty of Clinical Medicine
College of Health Sciences
Ebonyi State University
Abakaliki, Nigeria

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How to cite this article
Felix CE, Ogodo ND, Ngozi AA. Evaluation of body mass index, hematocrit, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and total protein in voluntary and commercial blood donors in Nigeria: Advocating for simultaneous screening for nutritional status. Int J Blood Transfus Immunohematol 2017;6:26–32.


Abstract

Aims: The provision of blood for transfusion largely depends on the availability of blood donors. Hence donor protection as well as patient’s protection is necessary in achieving good quality blood and blood products for the benefit of the patient.
Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted to compare the hematocrit, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), serum protein and body mass index (BMI) in voluntary (99) and commercial (95) blood donors aged between 18–36 years using simple, cost effective and efficient techniques. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and Student T-test.
Results: The commercial and voluntary blood donors differed significantly (p < 0.05) in ESR, total protein, hematocrit and BMI. The majority, 13 (13.7%) of the commercial donors were underweight while the voluntary blood donors had more 14(14.1%) of overweight blood donors. There were significant correlations between the hematocrit and the BMI among the voluntary blood donors (r = 0.287, p<0.05) and commercial blood donors (r = 0.371, p<0.05) respectively. The total protein differed significantly between the commercial and voluntary donors, but there was no significant correlation with BMI (r = 0.000 and 0.053 respectively, p>0.05).
Conclusion: Voluntary donors are better choice for good quality blood donation than commercial donors in respect of the PCV and BMI. Blood donors should be protected against the adverse effect of blood donation by assessing both the hematologic and nutritional status and by behavioral change communications.

Keywords: Blood donors, Hematologic profile, Nutritional status, Safety


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Acknowledgements
We are thankful to all the staff of Blood Transfusion Unit of Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria for necessary assistance.

Author Contributions
Chukwurah Ejike Felix – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published Nwangbo Daniel Ogodo – Substantial contributions to the conception and design, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting of the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published Azuobu Angela Ngozi – Substantial contribution to conception and design, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Chukwurah Ejike Felix et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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