Index Copernicus IC Value: 83.92
International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
  Table of Contents    
Original Article
 
Seroprevalence and risk factors for human T cell lymphotropic viruses types 1 and 2 among blood donors in Jos, Nigeria
Ma'an VT1, Fasola FA2, Egesie OJ3, Ma'an DN4
1Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nasarawastate.
2Department of Hematology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State.
3Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State.
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State.

Article ID: 100026IJBTIMT2016
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2016-26-OA-6


Address correspondence to:
Victoria Tapsuk Ma'an
Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion
Federal Medical Centre, P.M.B 1004
Keffi Nasarawa State
Nigeria

Access full text article on other devices

  Access PDF of article on other devices

[HTML Full Text]   [PDF Full Text] [Print This Article]
[Similar article in Pumed] [Similar article in Google Scholar]

How to cite this article
Ma'an VT, Fasola FA, Egesie OJ, Ma'an DN. Seroprevalence and risk factors for human T-cell lymphotropic viruses types 1 and 2 among blood donors in Jos, Nigeria. Int J Blood Transfus Immunohematol 2016;5:30–36.


Abstract
Aims: To determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of human T cell Lymphotrophic viruses 1 and 2 among blood donors in Jos, Plateau state, Nigeria.
Methods: A cross sectional study of 500 consecutive blood donors from the blood bank of Jos University Teaching Hospital and National Blood Transfusion Services Jos were recruited into the study. Questionnaires were administered and blood samples were collected from all participants. Sera of the blood donors were assayed for HTLV 1 and 2 using micro- enzyme–linked immunosorbent assay. Data was analysed using Epi Info version 3.5.1 and statistical significance was set at p-values ≤0.05.
Results: The mean age of the study population was 29.9±8.9 years with a male - female ratio of 4.2:1. Voluntary blood donors constituted 50.6% while family replacement blood donors constituted 49.4%. The mean hemoglobin was 14.9±1.2 g/dl. Although 4% of the blood donors had different forms of exposure to risk factors, none was positive for HTLV-1 or HTLV-2.
Conclusion: Human T cell lymphotrophic virus had zero seroprevalence among tested blood donors in Jos. However, continuous surveillance is necessary to keep the prevalence at low ebb. Further studies using larger sample size to include other healthy adults, commercial sex workers and pregnant women should be carried out in the entire country to define the prevalence of the virus in Nigeria.

Keywords: Blood donors, HTLV, Nigeria, Prevalence


[HTML Full Text]   [PDF Full Text]

Author Contributions:
Ma'an V. T. – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Fasola F. A. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Egesie O. J. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Ma'an D. N. – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2016 Ma'an V. T. et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



  Home line About IJBTI line Aim and Scope line Sections line Open Access line Archives
Apply as Editor line Apply as Reviewer line Submit Reviews - Editors line Submit Reviews - Reviewers
Instructions for Authors line Templates to Use line Copyright Form line Author Checklist
Online Submission line Email Submission line Submit Revision line Submit All Forms line Submit Page Proofs
Terms of Service line Privacy policy line Disclaimer line FAQ line Contact: Journal line Contact: Edorium Journals line Site Map
 
  Copyright © 2017. Edorium. All rights reserved.