International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
  Table of Contents    
Original Article
 
Pattern of blood donor deferral in a tertiary hospital, South-south, Nigeria: A three-year study review
Timothy Amos Ekwere1, Mabel Ino-Ekanem1, Olugbemi Oluseyi Motilewa2, Iquo Augustine Ibanga3
1Lecturer, Department of Hematology, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, AkwaIbom, State, Nigeria.
2Lecturer, Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, AkwaIbom State, Nigeria.
3Senior Lecturer, Department of Hematology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross-River State, Nigeria.

Article ID: 100014IJBTITE2014
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2014-14-OA-2

Address correspondence to:
Timothy Amos Ekwere
Department of Hematology, College of Health Sciences
University of Uyo, Uyo
AkwaIbom State
Nigeria
Phone: +234-803-579-1835
Email: timothyekwere@yahoo.com

Access full text article on other devices

  Access PDF of article on other devices

[HTML Full Text]   [PDF Full Text] [Print This Article]
[Similar article in Pumed] [Similar article in Google Scholar]

How to cite this article
Ekwere TA, Ino-Ekanem M, Motilewa OO, Iquo Augustine Ibanga. Pattern of blood donor deferral in a tertiary hospital, South-south, Nigeria: A three-year study review. Int J Blood Transfus Immunohematol 2014;4:7–12.


Abstract
Aims: Provision of safe and adequate supply of blood and blood products is a major public health issue globally. Safe blood is ensured through proper donor selection and testing of donated blood. However, a large number of apparently healthy donors are unable to donate blood for various reasons. To determine the proportions and reasons for donor deferral in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital (UUTH) Blood Bank.
Methods: A three-year retrospective review of records of blood donors from January 2009 to December 2012 was analyzed to determine the proportions and reasons for donor deferral in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital blood bank.
Results: There were 5,636 donors of which 902 donors representing 16% of the entire donor population were deferred for various reasons. Large proportions (89.1%) of the donors were family replacement donors. Female donors constitute 16% of the entire donor population and were more frequently deferred than male donors 34.4% versus 12.4%, respectively. Transfusion transmissible infections (TTIs) positivity and anemia were the major reasons for permanent (50.4%) and temporary (39%) deferral of donors. The TTIs rates were higher among male donors than female donors. Conversely, more female donors were anemic (25.6%) compared to male (12.7%). Other reasons identified for donor deferral were underage (6.8%), underweight (2.4%), and hypertension (3.1%).
Conclusion: A donor deferral rate of 16% in this study is similar to that reported in other studies. However, the reasons for deferral differ reflecting differences in donor selection criteria.

Keywords: Blood donation, Donor deferral, Blood safety, Transfusion transmissible infectious (TTIs)

[HTML Full Text]   [PDF Full Text]

Author Contributions:
Timothy Amos Ekwere – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Mabel Ino-Ekanem – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Olugbemi Oluseyi Motilewa – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Iquo Augustine Ibanga – Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2014 Timothy Amos Ekwere et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Authors

Timothy Amos Ekwere is Lecturer-1 and Consultant Hematologist at Department of Hematology University of Uyo/University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria. He earned the undergraduate degree MB,BCh from College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria and postgraduate degree from National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (Fellow of Medical College of Nigeria in Pathology- FMCPath) from Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. His research interests include hemostasis and thrombosis, plasma fractionation and immunohaematology. He intends to pursue PhD Programme in future.



Mabel Ino-Ekanem is Lecturer-1 and Consultant Hematologist, Department of Hematology university of Uyo/University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria. She earned the undergraduate degree MB, BCh from College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Nigeria and postgraduate degree from National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (Fellow of Medical College of Nigeria-Pathology (FMCPath)) from Department of Hematology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Her research interests include transfusion medicine, hemoglobinopathies.



Oluseyi O. Motilewa is Lecturer-1 and Consultant Public Health Physician at Department of Community Health, University of Uyo/University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria. He earned the undergraduate degree MB,BS from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria and postgraduate degree from National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (Fellow of Medical College-Public Health (FMCPH)) from Department of Community Health, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria. His research interests include disease control, quality of life. He intends to pursue a Postdoctoral Fellowship in future.



Iquo A. Ibanga is Senior Lecturer and Consultant Hematologist at Department of Hematology University of Calabar/University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria. She earned the undergraduate degree MB,BCh from College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria and postgraduate degree from National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (Fellow of Medical College-Pathology (FMCPath)) from Department of Hematology Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeri. Her research interests include transfusion medicine, hemoglobinopathies.




  Home line About IJBTI line Aim and Scope line Sections line Open Access line Archives
Apply as Editor line Apply as Reviewer line Submit Reviews - Editors line Submit Reviews - Reviewers
Instructions for Authors line Templates to Use line Copyright Form line Author Checklist
Online Submission line Email Submission line Submit Revision line Submit All Forms line Submit Page Proofs
Terms of Service line Privacy policy line Disclaimer line FAQ line Contact: Journal line Contact: Edorium Journals line Site Map
 
  Copyright © 2017. Edorium. All rights reserved.