International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
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Original Article
 
Iron deficiency in regular blood donors in Enugu (Southeastern Nigeria)
Grace Ifeoma Amilo1, Martin Ossy Ifeanyichukwu2, Amauche Martina Ngwu3, Godwin Okorie Obi4
1PhD, Senior Lecturer, Medical Laboratory Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.
2PhD, Head of Department, Medical Laboratory Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.
3Bachalor of Medical Laboratory Science, Medical Laboratory Scientist 1, Hematology and Immunology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria.
4Associate Professor of Hematology, FMCpath, Head of Department, Hematology and Immunology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Article ID: 100013IJBTIGA2014
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2014-13-OA-1

Address correspondence to:
Martin Ositadinma Ifeanyichukwu
Nnewi, Anambra State
Nigeria. PMB 5001
Phone: +234 08037200407
Email: moifeanyi@yahoo.co.uk

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How to cite this article
Amilo GI, Ifeanyichukwu MO, Ngwu AM, Obi GO. Iron deficiency in regular blood donors in Enugu (Southeastern Nigeria). Int J Blood Transfus Immunohematol 2014;4:1–6.


Abstract
Aims: Regular donors are often given some sort of non-monetary recognition. In Nigeria, about 92.9% of individuals donate blood because of the benefits they get from hospital. The aim was to study iron status of regular blood donors who had donated at least one or two units of blood in their life.
Methods: The study was prospectively conducted on 290 regular blood donors. The blood donors were divided into four groups, according to the number of units of blood they had given.
Results: The difference in serum ferritin concentration of first group (208.35±60.62 ng/mL) was statistically significant (p < 0.05) compared with donors in third group (34.20±21.89 ng/mL) and fourth group (2.05±0.22 ng/mL). None of the first group donors suffered from iron deficiency, whereas 11% of the donors who had donated between 11–15 units of blood within a 4-year period had iron deficiency.
Conclusion: The results of this study reveal the presence of iron deficiency in second group, third group and fourth group.

Keywords: Blood donors, Iron deficiency, Ferritin, Mean corpuscular volume (MCU)

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Author Contributions:
Grace Ifeoma Amilo – Drafting the article, Critical revision of the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Martin Ossy Ifeanyichukwu – Drafting the article, Critical revision of the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Amauche Martina Ngwu – Conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Critical revision of the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Godwin Okorie Obi – Drafting the article, Critical revision of the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2014 Grace Ifeoma Amilo et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Authors

Grace Ifechukwudebelu Amilo is Sub Dean School of Post Graduate Studies and past Head of Department, Hematology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria. She earned the undergraduate degree from Department of Medical Laboratory Science, State University of New York at Buffalo, New York. USA and postgraduate degree from from Medical Laboratory Science, Long Island University, Greenvale, Long Island New York, USA. Doctorate was earned in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria. The research work was on Immunology of Pulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis with or without HIV. She has Published 12 articles in national and14 articles in international journals. Her research interest is immunology of infectious diseases; HIV, PMT and malaria.



Martin Ositadinma Ifeanyichukwu is the current Head of Department at Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria. He earned the undergraduate degree, Fellow of Medical Laboratory Council of Nigeria (FMLSCN) from University of Calabar, Nigeria, and postgraduate degree from (MSc.) from Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. He also earned Doctorate degree at Department of immunology Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi AZikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. Research was Immune responses in infected individuals pre- and post- anti- retroviral therapy. He has published up to 52 research papers in both national and international academic journals. His research interest is immunology, haematology of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria infections.



Ngwu Amauche Martina is Medical Laboratory Scientist 1 at Department of Hematology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria. She earned the undergraduate degree BMLS from Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria and She has just completed her MSc. from Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. She has published one research paper in international academic journals. Her research interests include transfusion medicine and hemoglobinopathy. She intends to pursue PhD in hematology very soon.



Obi Godwin Okorie is Head of Department at Hematology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria. He earned the undergraduate degree MBBS from University of London, England and MRCP from Royal College of Physicians' of Edinburgh Scotland UK, DTM&H from the University of Liverpool England UK, FMCPATH from National Postgraduate Medical College, NIGERIA. He has published 27 research papers in both national and international journals and also authored a book-Medicine and Law. His research interests include nutritional anemia, hemoglobinopathy and studies in tropical splenomegally syndrome.




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