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International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
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Original Article
 
Study on the effectiveness of transfusion program in dengue patients receiving platelet transfusion
Nagarekha Kulkarni1
1Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary - 583104, Karnataka, India.

Article ID: 100008IJBTINK2012
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2012-8-OA-3

Address correspondence to:
Dr. Nagarekha Kulkarni, Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary - 583104
Karnataka
India

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How to cite this article:
Kulkarni N. Study on the effectiveness of transfusion program in dengue patients receiving platelet transfusion. International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology 2012;2:11–15.


Abstract
Aims: Dengue infection is a global health problem affecting an estimated population of 50–100 millions every year. Thrombocytopenia is an essential diagnostic criteria. Platelet transfusion is given in those patients who have haemorrhagic manifestations along with thrombocytopenia. The aim of the study was to know the effectiveness of platelet transfusion in dengue patients.
Methods: The study was conducted during the epidemic of dengue fever from July 2011 to October 2011. Serologically confirmed dengue cases were included in the study.
Results: Two hundred thirty two patients were positive for dengue serological tests of which 195 (84.2%), 35 (15%), 2 (0.8%) were DF, DHF DSS respectively. One hundred eighty two (78.4%) patients received platelet transfusion. One hundred eighteen (51%) cases received single unit of platelet transfusion though platelet count was between 0.2–1.0x10x105/mm3. Sixty four (27.5%) patients who had platelet count <0.2x105/mm3 received multiple platelet transfusions. The patient who received multiple platelet transfusion of 10–12 units showed post transfusion increment of >0.5x105/mm3 and they were discharged after 5–6 days of hospitalization.
Conclusions: This study suggests that 51% platelet transfusions are inappropriate and it is more effective when it is given to patients with platelet count <0.2x105/mm3. Platelet transfusion practice should be based upon platelet count and haemorrhagic manifestations as this decreases hospitalization of the patients and complications of dengue.

Key Words: Dengue, Thrombocytopenia, Platelet transfusion, Haemorrhagic manifestation

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Author Contributions:
Nagarekha Kulkarni - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission:
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support:
None
Conflict of interest:
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright:
© Nagarekha Kulkarni et al. 2012; This article is distributed the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any means provided the original authors and original publisher are properly credited. (Please see Copyright Policy for more information.)



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