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International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology - IJBTI - Review Articles, Original Articles, Short Communication, Case Series, Case Reports, Letter to Editors
 
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Original Article
 
Knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among physicians in a tertiary health facility of a developing country
Nwogoh Benedict1, Aigberadion Usimenahon1, Nwannadi Ikenna Alexander2, Aigbe Isi2
1Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, +University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B 1111, Benin City, Nigeria.
2Department of Haematology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria; 3Department of Chemical Pathology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.

Article ID: 100007IJBTINB2012
doi:10.5348/ijbti-2012-7-OA-2

Address correspondence to:
Nwogoh Benedict
Mb; Bs, Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion
+University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B 1111
Benin City
Nigeria
Phone: 08038955265
Email: b.nwogoh@yahoo.com

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How to cite this article:
Benedict N, Usimenahon A, Alexander NI, Isi A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among physicians in a tertiary health facility of a developing country. International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology 2012;2:4-10.


Abstract
Aims: The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among physician, to identify and recruit potential voluntary blood donors amongst them and to determine the association between blood donation and gender, duration of practice and sub-specialty of the physicians.
Methods: This was a cross sectional qualitative study carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. Pre-tested questionnaires were administered to 140 physicians in the tertiary health facility.
Results: Most of the respondents (95.7%) were aware of the risk of transmission of infection by transfusion. The risk of transmission of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis was affirmed by 99.3%, 97.9%, 73.6% and 42.9% respectively. Fifty-eight (41.4%) physicians have donated blood in the past, with 33 (56.9%) donating less than once a year, 18 (31%) between 1–3 times a year and five (8.6%) more than thrice a year. Most (53.4%) donated voluntarily, 39.7% donated for friends and relatives, 3.4% for remuneration and 5.2% donated in order to know their HIV, HBV and HCV status. There was no significant association between gender, duration of medical practice, specialty of the physicians and the practice of blood donation as P values were 0.227, 0.613 and 0.844 respectively.
Conclusions: Physicians have good knowledge of voluntary donation and a positive attitude towards donation but there were disparities in their practice of blood donation.

Key Words: Blood donation, Physicians, Developing country

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Author Contributions:
Nwogoh Benedict - Substantial contributions to conception and design,Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Aigberadion Usimenahon - Substantial contributions to conception and design,Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Nwannadi Ikenna Alexander - Substantial contributions to conception and design,Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Aigbe Isi - Substantial contributions to conception and design,Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission:
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support:
None
Conflict of interest:
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright:
© Nwogoh Benedict et al. 2012; This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any means provided the original authors and original publisher are properly credited. (Please see Copyright Policy for more information.)



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